Photo Basic Design
Photo composition rules
Rule of Thirds:
The Rule of Thirds is based on the fact that the human eye is naturally drawn to a point about two-thirds up a page. Crop your photo so that the main subjects are located around one of the intersection points rather than in the center of the image:
Golden Section rule:
It has been found that certain points in a picture’s composition automatically attract the viewer’s attention. Similarly, many natural or man-made objects and scenes with certain proportions (whether by chance or by design) automatically please us. Leonardo da Vinci investigated the principle that underlies our notions of beauty and harmony and called it the Golden Section. Long before Leonardo, however, Babylonian, Egyptian, and ancient Greek masters also applied the Golden Section proportion in architecture and art.
One side of the picture is divided into two, and then each half is divided into three parts. The adjacent side is divided so that the lines connecting the resulting points form a diagonal frame. According to the Diagonal Rule, important elements of the picture should be placed along these diagonals:
Symmetry generally conveys two primary meanings. The first is an imprecise sense of harmonious or aesthetically-pleasing proportionality and balance; such that it reflects beauty or perfection. The second meaning is a precise and well-defined concept of balance or "patterned self-similarity" that can be demonstrated or proved according to the rules of a formal system: by geometry, through physics or otherwise. This rule is normally used on a photo to express a super steady and peace feeling.
The word “contrast” at first makes you think of light and dark or how light and dark contrast with each other, but it is a very broad term that applies to nearly every type of design and art principle. For example, there can be a contrast in size big head, little body; color orange against blue; or movement fast versus slow.
Photo lighting contrast
High key Photo is a style of lighting for photography that aims to reduce the lighting ratio present in the scene. This was originally done partly for technological reasons, since early photography did not deal well with high contrast ratios, but now is used to suggest an upbeat mood.
Low key Photo is a style of lighting for photography that It attempts to create a chiaroscuro effect. Low-key lighting requires only one key light, optionally controlled with a fill light or a simple reflector.
Expression contrast (e.g., Temperature contrast)
One side has ice cream cart and the other side has hot hog stand will be a good example for Temperature contrast expression.
In photography, a multiple exposure is an exposure in which the sensitivity to light is reduced and then increased at least once during the total exposure time.
In photography, a speedy expression photo is a main subject is in good focus but the background scene is out of focus but it shows the main subject in photo under high speed moving.
Shooting into the light to take a picture may contradict advice given to beginners to always shoot with the light coming from behind the camera. However, many photographers are intimidated by the idea of pointing the camera towards the light to shoot many worthwhile targets.
This is the art of backlighting which is a technique to produce wonderful backlighting images. There are many subjects to try, my favorites are translucent flowers and foliage or rim lighting of animals and birds. Backlighting will enhance mist, rain and haze adding creativity and atmosphere to landscape images. The following pictures are the typical backlighting pictures which show two different flavors of backlighting photo.